Sustainable Development Goal 10

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

It is well documented that income inequality is on the rise, with the richest 10 percent earning up to 40 percent of total global income. The poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 percent and 7 percent of total global income. In developing countries, inequality has increased by 11 percent if we take into account the growth of population.

These widening disparities require the adoption of sound policies to empower the bottom percentile of income earners, and promote economic inclusion of all regardless of sex, race or ethnicity.

Income inequality is a global problem that requires global solutions. This involves improving the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, encouraging development assistance and foreign direct investment to regions where the need is greatest. Facilitating the safe migration and mobility of people is also key to bridging the widening divide.

Sierra Leone Facts and Figures

Source: Stastics Sierra Leone

 

Share of income of the bottom 20% income earners in total household income

7.90

 

 

Ratio of rural to urban absolute poverty

2.12%

 

 

Gini index (0-100)

32.1%

 

Sierra Leone IndicatorsBaselineSource of baseline data (Date)CurrentSource Page NumberSource of Current Data (Date)Targets
By End 2020By End 2025By End 2030
10.1.2 Share of income of the bottom 20% income earners in total household income7.90%World Bank DataBank - World Development Indicators (2011)8.10%N/ASLIHS (2018)8.30%8.60%9.00%
10.2.1 Ratio of rural to urban absolute poverty2.12Stats SL (SLIHS 2011)2.31N/ASLIHS (2018)1.911.711.5
10.3.1 Gini index (0-100)32.1World Bank (2011)35.9N/ASLIHS (2018)31.430.629.9